Greyhound Bus Depot- Week 6BEFORE THE
In Edwardian London, smog filled the air because of the
many factories. As you can see, the factories are very polluting to the city.
The factories contained many workers, of all ages and both genders. The picture
at left is of a public meeting in a street in London.
Girls in the upper class were recognized mostly for their beauty.
"Coming Out" was the term used for when a girl was presented to the public, to
signify her adulthood to family and friends.
In Edwardian London, the streets were crammed and there was
not enough housing to go around, to accommodate the many workers. To the left is
Fleet Street. Many lived in dirty "slums" where it was common for one to catch
chicken pox or diphtheria.
King Edward VII,
crowned in 1902, was ruler of England at the time. He was not in approval of the
liberals, and rejected the Peoples' Budget of 1909, a document said to be
important to the economy. He had many mistresses and a couple of scandals, and
enjoyed horseback riding, yachting, and going to theaters.
In 1903, the first electric trams were installed in London.
Public Transportation became popular- and economic for the poor workers. It was
an ideal way to get to and from work. Also, in 1906, the first international
rugby match was held. It was between the nations of England and France.
In the Edwardian era, there was a large middle class, but not by our
standards. The middle class were blue collar workers employed by factories.
Also, crime was on the rise and it was common for pickpockets to stand on
bridges and spit, using much foul language. Many complained about their
experiences with 'the distracting noises and disorderly scenes in the main
streets of our town on Sundays', which the council addressed and ordered for
more police to be present in London. Left: St. Augustineís bridge, 100 years
AFTER THE WAR
After World War I, London seemed
to be returning to normal, although the population had taken a substantial dive.
Jazz was a popular musical style, and more people were migrating to London. The
many subway systems being devised helped public transport, and imitating
American fashions was popular.
The poor laboring
class, however, still existed. Coal was a major business, but people in the
business werenít paid much. The TUC (trade union congress) called a strike for
the coal miners. This was a milestone in British history because more than a
million people showed up, and they resorted to armored cars to squelch the
strike. Although not successful, the strike demonstrated the power in
Coal was not the
only example of unions being made. Many other jobs created unions, including
those from metal fields, woodsmen, railroad personnel, and telegraphers. Unions
were popular at the time, and were sought to be a solution to the economic
strife occurring in the country at the time.
people were actually listening to women, probably due to their contribution
during war times. Because there were certain jobs dedicated only to men, women
pushed for the Sex Disqualification Act, in which one could not be disqualified
from a job due to gender, in 1919. Also, women began to wear more comfortable
clothing and feminist movements were growing.
To the left is a
coin with King Edward VII on it. Imperialism was still at its peak in Britain
after the war. However, the USís economy was growing rapidly and replacing
Britain as a major world power. Britain had rebounded in the past by exploiting
its colonies for resources, but it still only accounted for 41% of world
exports, a number that sharply decreased and had fallen to 15% in 1914. The
British Empire, on which once the "sun never sets" had been
SOURCES (I used a lot of sources on this one)
- "London History"
- "Central London"
- "History of London"
- "Edward VII"
- "The Tram Museum Online"
- "The Edwardian Era
- "Bristol in the Edwardian period"
- "The Labour Aristocracy and Imperialism"
- "Women Between the Wars"
- "From World War to Class War"
- "End of the Victorian Era, Start of the Edwardian Era..."